Scholz will lead unprecedented three-way coalition with unlikely bedfellows – the Greens and Free Democrats.
Published On 8 Dec 2021
German lawmakers elected Social Democrat Olaf Scholz as new chancellor on Wednesday, ending 16 years of conservative rule under Angela Merkel and paving the way for a pro-European coalition government that has promised to boost green investment.
Scholz, 63, who served as vice chancellor and finance minister in Merkel’s outgoing government, got a clear majority of 395 votes from lawmakers in the Bundestag lower house of parliament, Bundestag President Baerbel Bas said.
There were six abstentions.
Scholz exchanged fist bumps with lawmakers from across the political spectrum. He nodded wearing a face mask and waved as he received a standing ovation, receiving bouquets of flowers from the leaders of the parliamentary groups.
He was to be formally named as chancellor by Germany’s president and sworn in by the speaker of parliament later on Wednesday.
Merkel, 67, who is no longer a member of parliament, looked on from the spectators’ gallery as parliament voted. She has said she will not seek another political role after shepherding Germany through a turbulent era. She has not disclosed any future plans but said earlier this year that she will take time to read and sleep, “and then let’s see where I show up”.Germany’s outgoing Chancellor Angela Merkel arrives for a session of the German lower house of parliament, the Bundestag, to elect a new chancellor, in Berlin, Germany, on December 8, 2021 [Annegret Hilse/Reuters]
After being nominated by President Frank-Walter Steinmeier in Bellevue Palace, Scholz will return to parliament to take the oath of office in front of the lawmakers.
In the afternoon, Merkel will hand over the chancellery to the new leader of Europe’s largest economy, which is facing a brutal fourth wave of coronavirus infections.
With his down-to-earth and no-nonsense manner, Scholz has positioned himself as Merkel’s natural successor and a safe pair of hands to steer Germany through challenges ranging from tackling the climate crisis to dealing with a more confrontational Russia and a more assertive China.
Unlikely coalition partners
Scholz will lead an unprecedented three-way ruling coalition on the federal level with the pro-spending, environmentalist Greens and the fiscally more conservative, libertarian Free Democrats (FDP) – unlikely political bedfellows in the past.
The new government aims to step up efforts against climate change by expanding the use of renewable energy and bringing Germany’s exit from coal-fired power forward from 2038, ideally to 2030. It also wants to do more to modernise the country, including improving its notoriously poor cellphone and internet networks.
It plans more liberal social policies, including legalising the sale of cannabis for recreational purposes and easing the path to German citizenship while pledging greater efforts to deport immigrants who do not win asylum. The coalition partners want to lower the voting age in national elections from 18 to 16.
The government also plans to increase Germany’s minimum wage to 12 euros ($13.50) per hour from the current 9.60 euros, which Scholz has said “means a wage increase for 10 million”. And the coalition also pledged to get 400,000 new apartments per year built in an effort to curb rising rental prices.
Scholz has signalled continuity in foreign policy, saying the government would stand up for a strong European Union and nurture the transatlantic alliance.